The following tar-zipped
tgz source packs are available for download.
Unpacking the Sources
The user should choose a directory location to unpack these files, which will become the installation directory of OpenFOAM. If the installation is for a single user only, or if the user does not have root access to the machine, we would recommend the installation directory is
$HOME/OpenFOAM (i.e. a directory
OpenFOAM in the user’s home directory). If the installer has root permissions and the installation is for more than one user, one of the ‘standard’ locations can be used, e.g.
/opt/OpenFOAM, or just
After the installation directory is chosen (and, if necessary, created), simply copy the 2 source pack files into the directory and unpack using
tar xzf <filename>, e.g. from the installation directory:
tar xzf OpenFOAM-2.2.1.tgz tar xzf ThirdParty-2.2.1.tgz
The files unpack to produce directories
OpenFOAM is developed and tested on Linux, but should work with other POSIX systems. OpenFOAM-2.2.1 and ThirdParty-2.2.1 have been tested on the following Linux distributions:
- Ubuntu 12.04 (
precise), 12.10 (
quantal), 13.04 (
- OpenSuSE 12.1, 12.2 and 12.3
- Fedora 17, 18 and 19
In the following instructions, log in as the root user or switch to root user with
sudo by typing in a terminal
sudo su -
Dependent packages for Ubuntu
Dependent packages required for Ubuntu can be installed by executing the following command in a terminal:
apt-get install build-essential flex bison cmake zlib1g-dev libopenmpi-dev openmpi-bin qt4-dev-tools libqt4-dev libqt4-opengl-dev freeglut3-dev libqtwebkit-dev gnuplot libreadline-dev libncurses-dev libxt-dev
System versions of the OpenMPI and Scotch libraries can also be installed for Ubuntu, rather than having to compile them from sources:
apt-get install libscotch-dev
Dependent packages for OpenSuSE
Dependent packages required for OpenSuSE can be installed by executing the following commands in a terminal:
zypper install -t pattern devel_C_C++ zypper install cmake libqt4-devel gnuplot
Dependent packages for Fedora
Dependent packages required for Fedora can be installed by executing the following commands in a terminal:
yum groupinstall 'Development Tools' yum install openmpi-devel qt-devel qtwebkit-devel zlib-devel cmake
Dependent packages for Other Linux Distributions
OpenFOAM-2.2.1 also builds on many other and older Linux distributions but the ParaView-3.12.0 version supplied in ThirdParty requires cmake-2.8.2 or higher and Qt-4.6.2 or higher which can be obtained from various repositories for many Linux distributions. To check your system setup, you can execute the
foamSystemCheck script, described in “Checking the System” (below).
Setting Environment Variables
The environment variable settings are contained in files in an
OpenFOAM-2.2.1/etc directory in the OpenFOAM release. e.g. for the case where the installation is in
ksh (if in doubt type
echo $SHELL), source the
etc/bashrc file by adding the following line to the end of your
then type “
source $HOME/.bashrc” in the current terminal window
csh, source the
etc/cshrc file by adding the following line to the end of your
then type “
source $HOME/.cshrc” in the current terminal window
Setting environment variables for alternative locations
OpenFOAM may also be installed in alternative locations. However, the installation directory should be network available (e.g. NFS) if parallel calculations are planned.
The environment variable
FOAM_INST_DIR can be used to find and source the appropriate resource file. Here is a
export FOAM_INST_DIR=/data/app/OpenFOAM foamDotFile=$FOAM_INST_DIR/OpenFOAM-2.2.1/etc/bashrc [ -f $foamDotFile ] && . $foamDotFile
setenv FOAM_INST_DIR /data/app/OpenFOAM foamDotFile=$FOAM_INST_DIR/OpenFOAM-2.2.1/etc/cshrc if ( -f $foamDotFile ) source $foamDotFile
The value set in
$FOAM_INST_DIR will be used to locate the remaining parts of the OpenFOAM installation.
Checking the System
To check your system is ready to build the sources, execute the
foamSystemCheck script (in the
OpenFOAM-2.2.1/bin directory). If any critical software is missing, or needs updating to a newer version, please contact the system administrator to install the required software before proceeding to the build.
In particular your system will need to include a recent version of a C++ compiler. Compilation has been tested with the following compilers and versions:
- GCC: 4.5.0 and above
- LLVM Clang: 3.1
- Intel ICC: 12.0.1 and 13.0.1
The default compiler for OpenFOAM is GCC. Since v2.2, OpenFOAM will only compile with versions of GCC above 4.5.0. Administrators and users can check the version of GCC running on their system by typing
If the installed version is not recent, the source pack for newer versions are available from http://gcc.gnu.org/.
Building the Sources
Go to the top-level source directory
$WM_PROJECT_DIR and execute the top-level build script
./Allwmake. In principle this will build everything, but if problems occur with the build order it may be necessary to update the environment variables and re-execute
wmake to perform compilation (building, linking) of its C++ source code into executable code.
wmake is called from the
Allwmake scripts during the initial build of the complete OpenFOAM project but can be executed directly to update the compilation of any of the OpenFOAM components:
- all invocations can have an optional directory:
wmake $FOAM_UTILITIES/mesh/manipulation/checkMesh wmake libso $FOAM_SRC/finiteVolume
- recursively build all applications in current or specified directory:
wmake all wmake all <dir>
- build any single object or executable:
wmake Make/linux64Gcc4DPOpt/<object>.o wmake <executable>
- build any single shared library:
wmake libso wmake libso <lib dir>
wmakeScheduler for faster compilation
wmake comes with a parallel compilation scheduler,
wmakeScheduler, which spawns compilation jobs on free machines. These machines need password-less network access, e.g. using SSH, and a network mounted installation, e.g. using NFS.
wmakeScheduler is set up with environment variables:
WM_SCHEDULER: the name of the scheduler to use
WM_HOSTS: the list of cores to use
WM_NCOMPPROCS: the number of parallel builds (usually the size of
WM_COLOURS: Optional list of colours for the compilation output from the cores.
For example to build on 1 processor of machine
aaa and 4 processors of
export WM_SCHEDULER=wmakeScheduler export WM_HOSTS="aaa:1 bbb:4" export WM_NCOMPPROCS=$($WM_SCHEDULER -count) export WM_COLOURS="black blue green cyan red magenta yellow"
ssh to spawn jobs on the listed machines so needs passwordless access and a network mounted installation.
Compiling Paraview 3.12.0 and the PV3FoamReader Module
Paraview is the third-party software that we provide for graphical post-processing in OpenFOAM. Its compilation is automated using a script called makeParaView in the
To install Paraview, execute the following (except for Fedora)
cd $WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR ./makeParaView
Compiling on Fedora
For Fedora, execute the following:
cd $WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR ./makeParaView -qmake $(which qmake-qt4)
Compiling the reader modules
For all systems, the
PV3blockMeshReader and the
PV3FoamReader ParaView plugins are compiled as usual for OpenFOAM utilities.
cd $FOAM_UTILITIES/postProcessing/graphics/PV3Readers wmSET ./Allwclean ./Allwmake
Testing the Installation
To check your installation setup, execute the
foamInstallationTest script (in the
OpenFOAM-2.2.1/bin directory). If no problems are reported, proceed to getting started with OpenFOAM; otherwise, go back and check you have installed the software correctly and/or contact your system administrator.
Create a project directory within the
$HOME/OpenFOAM directory named
chris-2.2.1 for user
chris and OpenFOAM version 2.2.1) and create a directory named
run within it, e.g. by typing:
mkdir -p $FOAM_RUN
Copy across the backward facing step example, generate the mesh with blockMesh and run the steady flow, incompressible solver simpleFoam
cd $FOAM_RUN cp -r $FOAM_TUTORIALS/incompressible/simpleFoam/pitzDaily . cd pitzDaily blockMesh simpleFoam paraFoam
Refer to the OpenFOAM User Guide to get started.
Reporting Bugs in OpenFOAM
We appreciate that bugs in OpenFOAM are reported so we can fix them. Please refer to the OpenFOAM bugs pages to report bugs.